An STP depositor and an ECN (E-Communication Network) depositor are two differs types of fx depositors that use in the non-citizen interchange market.
Varieties of depositors
We can categorize FX-depositors into various types based on a range of criteria. Typically, fx depositors fall into the next groups:
- Licensed Depositors(reputable)
- Unlicensed Depositors(non-reputable)
According to the trading programs, we have:
- MT4 fx depositors
- MT5 fx depositors
Based on order execution, we have:
- Dealing Desk (DD) fx depositors
- No Dealing Desk (NDD) fx depositors
Straight Through Finishing(STP) FX depositors:
STP depositors act as intermediaries between sellers and fluidity suppliers such as banks, monetary establishments, or other market advantages. When a trader places an order, the STP depositor routes the trade directly to the fluidity supplier, eliminating the need for a dealing desk. This results in faster trade implementation and potentially lower distributions, as the depositor does not intervene in the pricing procedure.
Key Features of STP depositors:
- No Dealing Desk (NDD): STP depositors perform without a dealing desk, permitting trades to be performed directly in the market without any intervention or conflict of interest from the depositor.
- Variable Distributions: STP depositors typically offer variable distributions, meaning that the spread may widen or narrow depending on market circumstances and fluidity.
- Market Depth: STP depositors supply access to market depth information, allowing sellers to see the accessible fluidity and price levels in the market.
- Order Types: STP depositors usually support various order types, including market orders, limit orders, stop orders, and other advanced order types.
E-Communication Network (ECN) FX depositors:
ECN depositors create a direct marketplace where sellers can interact with other advantages in the network, inclusive other sellers, banks, and fluidity suppliers. The ECN depositor aggregates fluidity from multiple sources and displays the best available bid and ask prices to sellers. This allows for more transparent pricing and potentially tighter distributions, as the pricing is determined by the collective market advantages.
Key Features of ECN depositors:
- Direct Market Access: ECN depositors supply retailers with direct access to the forex market, allowing them to trade against other advantages without the need for a middleman.
- Depth of Market (DOM): ECN depositors offer a depth of market feature, enabling sellers to view the order book and the fluidity available at different price levels.
- Variable Implementations: Like STP depositors, ECN depositors generally offer variable distributions, which can fluctuate based on market circumstances and fluidity.
- Market Transparency: ECN depositors supply transparent trading circumstances, displaying real-time bid and ask prices, order book information, and trade execution details.
Choosing Between STP and ECN depositors:
When choosing an STP or ECN depositor, sellers should consider their individual trading advantages, goals, and the specific capabilities of each depositor. Here are some factors to consider:
- Costs and Spreads: Compare the average spreads and committee structures of STP and ECN depositors to determine which option fits your trading strategy and budget.
- Speed of Execution: Evaluate the speed of trade execution and the quality of order execution offered by the depositor, as this can have a significant impact on trading results, especially for high-frequency sellers.
- Market Depth: If you value market depth insight and want to understand available fluidity, an ECN depositor may be the right choice.
- Trade Size: Consider the size of the trade you wish to execute. ECN depositors typically cater to larger sellers due to the presence of institutional fluidity suppliers, while STP depositors can cater to various trade sizes.